Peru is one of the most diverse countries in the world. It is a multicultural country, full of traditions, with an exquisite gastronomy and large natural reserves. It guards 12 treasures considered UNESCO’s World Heritage, and it houses 84 out of 117 wilderness areas of the world. Peru is found in the western area of South America, it borders Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile. It covers an area of 1,2 km2, and it includes three types of territory as coasts, highlands and forests. The population is 33,448,122. The official language is Spanish, even if there are 47 different native languages.
Here many great civilizations followed through history, this contributed in making Peru a fascinating place. Here we can walk through the streets of the colonial cities observing the mark that the Spanish conquistadors have left behind.
There is no need to be here for long before realizing that Peru already possessed a rich and complex culture thousands of years ago.
By visiting the old Incan capital, Cusco, you can’t help but be amazed by the grandioseness of this amazing civilization, and ask yourself more questions than you left with at the beginning of your trip.
Machu Picchu was discovered in 1911, and today it is the symbol of Peru, and also the country’s most important UNESCO World Heritage. This is a mysterious place, the archeological site has many unsolved questions like, how did they build such structures transporting massive stones, the function of many buildings are still not clear, who and why would have been first established in these locations. Nevertheless, this is a breathtaking place.
There is another place that is a puzzle for historians and scientists, the Nazca lines are also a UNESCO World Heritage site. These are a collection of lines that form various depictions of different animals, plants, geometrical shapes, a humanoid figure, and many more. These 2,000 year old lines were created by the ancient Nazca culture, and can be only fully seen from the air because of their large sizes.
The Andes are a show of nature, and here in the mountains there are still many native people that live in their traditional culture and speak the original Quechua language.
Here the Amazon rainforest takes up half of the country. This breathtaking forest is the most important in the world for its biodiversity.
The coastal deserts with beautiful dunes, and the fisherman’s villages are not famous through tourist routes but they definitely deserve to be seen and experienced!!!